121 | Emotional Induction Through Music. A comparison between European and Latin American music

Cognition, Behavior, and Memory

Author: Morena López | Email: lopezmore541@gmail.com

Morena López , Soledad Picco , María Eugenia Pedreira , Juan Manuel López , Nadia Justel , Verónika Diaz Abrahan

1° 1Laboratorio Interdisciplinario de Neurociencia Cognitiva (LINC), Centro de Investigación en Neurociencias y Neuropsicología (CINN), Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Palermo (UP), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)
2° Instituto de Fisiología, Biología Molecular y Neurociencias (IFIBYNE), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (FCEN), Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)

Music can induce different emotional states on listener, a phenomenon termed Emotional Induction through Music (EIM). It has been mainly explained by intrinsic musical features, which lead to a classification of songs in two categories: arousing and relaxing. However, other aspects as contemporaneity and cultural proximity with music might influence EIM. This study aims to assess the EIM comparing music from different contexts and periods (European vs Latin American). Self-report measures (valence, arousal) and physiological parameters (heart rate variability [HRV] and skin conductance level [SCL]) were evaluated on an Argentinian sample (28 healthy volunteers, M = 27.45; SD = 1.31). After a three-minute physiological baseline, participants listened to musical fragments (arousing Latin American vs relaxing Latin American vs arousing European vs relaxing European) for three minutes each one. After each excerpt, participants rated their valence and arousal. Results showed that arousing Latin American music was rated as more positive and arousing than European music, and both were more positive and arousing than relaxing music. Physiologically, both arousing music elicited higher SCL than relaxing music. Moreover, arousing Latin American music presented an increase in low frequency component (HRV indexes) compared whit baseline and European arousing music. Thus, contemporaneity and cultural proximity could generate a differential effect and enhance EIM.