145 | Modulating factors on inhibitory control in preschoolers

Cognition, Behavior, and Memory

Author: Verónica Adriana Ramírez | Email: veronica.adriana.ramirez@gmail.com

Verónica Adriana Ramírez , Verónica Adriana Ramírez , Eliana Ruetti

1° Unidad de Neurobiología Aplicada, UNA, CEMIC-CONICET
2° Universidad Argentina de la Empresa, Instituto de Ciencias Sociales y Disciplinas Proyectuales (INSOD, UADE)
3° Laboratorio de Neurobiología de la Modulación de la Memoria. Instituto de Fisiología, Biología Molecular y Neurociencias (IFIBYNE-UBA-CONICET)

Introduction. Several studies have raised the importance of analyzing emotional and cognitive processing comprehensively, which involves studying these processes and including various levels of organization. For example, socio-environmental household conditions and autonomic reactivity are predictors of cognitive performance. However, few studies include different organization levels, especially with girls and boys. Objective. Predict the performance of 5-year-old children in a Stroop-type task from socio-environmental (i.e., household living conditions) and individual factors (gender, heart rate, HR), and task characteristics (reaction time, RT, block). Methodology. A pictorial Stroop task was performed on 73 children aged 5 (51% girls) from different socio-environmental conditions (30% favorable). They were randomly assigned to the Neutral Condition or Positive Condition (59%). HR, performance, and RT were recorded in each task trial. Results. All variables, except gender, were predictors of performance. The probability of responding incorrectly to trials and responding to the most difficult block increased when evaluated under the Positive Condition and unfavorable socio-environmental conditions. HR and RT were positive predictors. Discussion. Comprehensive analyses allow a more comprehensive understanding of complex emotional and cognitive processes. Cognitive performance can be predicted from various individual and socio-environmental factors during development.